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  • Writer's pictureTim White

Blepharitis: Prevalence and Symptoms of a Common Eye Condition


Blepharitis is a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by inflammation of the eyelids, specifically the base of the eyelashes, and can cause discomfort and irritation. While blepharitis is not usually a serious condition, it can be chronic and persistent, requiring proper management and care.


Prevalence of Blepharitis:

Blepharitis is a prevalent eye condition that affects people of all ages. While exact statistics may vary, it is estimated that blepharitis affects roughly 37% of the adult population and up to 47% of people over the age of 50. The condition can occur in both men and women, although it appears to be slightly more common in women.


Blepharitis Symptoms:

The symptoms of blepharitis can vary from person to person, and individuals may experience one or more of the following:

  1. Eye Irritation and Redness: One of the primary symptoms of blepharitis is persistent eye irritation. This can manifest as a feeling of grittiness or foreign body sensation in the eye. The eyes may also appear red and bloodshot.

  2. Itchy and Watery Eyes: Blepharitis can cause itching and tearing of the eyes, leading to discomfort and the urge to rub the eyes frequently.

  3. Crusty or Sticky Eyelashes: A common symptom of blepharitis is the presence of crusts or scales at the base of the eyelashes. These crusts can cause the eyelids to stick together, especially upon waking up in the morning.

  4. Eyelid Swelling: Inflammation of the eyelids is a characteristic symptom of blepharitis. The eyelids may appear swollen and puffy, contributing to a heavy or tired feeling in the eyes.

  5. Sensitivity to Light: Some individuals with blepharitis may experience increased sensitivity to light, making it uncomfortable to be in brightly lit environments.

  6. Dry Eyes: Blepharitis can disrupt the normal functioning of the oil glands along the eyelid margin, leading to inadequate tear film production. This can result in dry eyes, causing discomfort and a gritty sensation.

  7. Flaking or Cracked Skin on Eyelids: In certain cases, blepharitis can cause the skin on the eyelids to become dry, flaky, or even develop cracks. This may lead to further irritation and discomfort.


Blepharitis is a common eye condition characterized by inflammation of the eyelids. Its prevalence is significant, affecting a substantial portion of the adult population. Recognizing the symptoms of blepharitis is crucial in seeking appropriate care and treatment. If you experience persistent eye irritation, redness, itching, crusty eyelashes, or any other symptoms mentioned above, it is advisable to consult an eye care professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.


Managing blepharitis typically involves a combination of eyelid hygiene practices, warm compresses, gentle lid massage, and sometimes the use of medicated eye drops or ointments. It is essential to follow your eye care professional's advice and maintain good eyelid hygiene habits to manage blepharitis effectively and minimize its impact on your daily life.


Remember, early intervention and consistent care are key to managing blepharitis and maintaining optimal eye health.

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